Cambodia to Angkor Thom temple1412
Angkor Thom is the last and longest capital of the Khmer where the King Jayavarman VII restored and expanded at the end of the 12th century. The name of Angkor Thom was used at least since the 16th century and means the great city.
Angkor Thom has a width of 9 square kilometers, inside the temple is many temples that were built from the previous period as well as the temples were built by King Jayavarman and his successors. The city is about one-fourth mile far from the Tonle Sap Lake. The south gate of Angkor Thom is about 7.2 km away from Siem Reap city to the north and about 1.7 km from the entrance of Angkor Wat. The walls with the height of 8m and the length of 3km are surrounded by the outer moat. The wall was built of the laterite. Angkor Thom has five entrances. Each direction of the city has a private city gate. Particularly, the east wall has two gates. The entrance has a height of 20 feet, on which has elephant statue and Bodhisattva statue.
The paths lead straight from the gate into Bayon temple. It is about 500m from the eastern gate to Victory gate. Victory road runs parallel to the eastern road leading to the Victoria square and Royal Palace in the north of Bayon. Mangalartha was the last temple built at Angkor Thom and inaugurated in 1925. From there, works sometimes was repaired, but most of them were built in perishable materials, so they do not exist until now. In the next centuries, Angkor Thom was still the capital of Cambodia in the period of decline until it was abandoned before 1609. The temple is compared to magic Platos Atlantis and some tourists have mistakenly thought that it was built by The Trajan Roman Emperor.
Angkor Thom was built in the Bayon style. This is the Baroque art style in the Renaissance with the dense decorative style. This represents a large scale in the works and the widespread using of laterite materials such as the city entrance, Naga statue at each tower and the face towers. The most highlight characteristic is the pyramidal architecture in the city gates, on the roof is four large portraits with merciful lines like the Buddhas face. The faces can represent the King, Bodhisattva (Avalokitesvara), the guardians of the kingdoms directions, or a combination of these people.
In front of each gate has a causeway across the moat. Along two roadsides, there are two rows of Angle and Devil statues (Hinduism). These statues were modeled the popular legend Churning of the Milk-Ocean in Indian mythology as well as in Angkor. At each corner of Angkor Thom is a Prasat Chrung (the altar located at the corner) was built of the sandstone and used to worship Avalokitesvara. The shrine has the cruciform with a central tower toward the East. According to Cambodia news, in Angkor Thom temple complex, except Bayon temple, all the main monuments are located in the west or the east of the Victory Square.