Mystery Ponagar Temple in Khanh Hoa Vietnam2893
Vietnam is one of the countries having various culture of temples and pagodas. Among hundreds of temple, Ponagar is a myth of Cham architecture. Perhaps, it just ranks behind My Son Heritage in Nha Trang. The 22- pillar tower system is the most special feature that can be compared with no other place. Discovering Ponagar is exploring the mystery around this beautiful monument.
Nha Trang (Khanh Hoa)is well-known in tourism Vietnam map. It is famous for dreamy and poetic Ponagar with honey colored. Also, standing behind the ancient equivocal trees on the hills Cu Lao along peaceful the Cai river makes this relic more beautiful. Moreover, viewing from Xom Bong bridge, tourists will see Ponagar as if looking at a grand old castle. The temple is the place of Mother land of Cham people dwelling over 1,200 years.
According to legend, the goddess Ponagar was created by the sun, clouds and sponges. Mother Ponagar created the life and taught people to work, to earn a living. Therefore, Ponagar is never absent in Cham peoples life. Both local people and tourists come here to worship, sing, and reward their god their essences.
With Vietnam Tourism, tourists will have chance to contemplate one of the most amazing architectures in Vietnam. Like other architecture system of Cham towers, the great Ponagar still remains the main tower and East - West - South - North Tower. Specifically, as entering the temple tourists will be impressed by wonderful 22-pillars tower called columns or vestibular. These pillars are implied for the home of Cham people. The columns were built by octagonal brick lined in both sides of the steps leading up to the main tower. So far, there is no satisfactory explanation of the true meaning and the construction of the 22-pillar tower. But Cham people believe that it is because the towers bear the sky for them; Ponagar is the roof of the Cham people.
Moreover, tourists will have opportunity to discover Ponagar temple hiding the surprising secrets about engraved inscriptions. They are described through Sanskrit language of India, or Champa letters on stone, brick and other objects. In the past, the 20 of inscriptions was lost, but now they are being gathered in Ponagar. They are the "witness" living history, culture, background of ancient Champa kings. The overall architecture consists of 3 floors. At low levels, the gate tower situated at the ground level. This tower no longer presents. That is the reason why there are stone steps leading up to the mesosphere.
At the middle level, it is called Mandap with 20m long and 15m wide. It consists of 4 octagonal columns. The pillars are also known as vestibular column. The main stupa is quite large and about 23 meters high, called Ponagar tower. The tower has 4 floors, and having door, animal statues and stone formation in each floor. Inside the statue, the Goddess sitting on a lotus shape is carved in black marble grave stone. Coming to Ponagar is coming to a masterpiece of Cham sculpture in particular and culture of Vietnam in general.