Vietnam travel guide on Royal Court Music of Hue1517
In the conventional mean, Royal court music is understood as music genres, including music genre associated with the dance and the opera. They were used in worshiping ceremonies and court affairs, national holidays and entertainment activities of the king and the royal family. In Vietnam travel packages, tourists will have a chance to enjoy the unique royal court music performances.
The Royal Court Music of Hue is also called Nha Nhac Cung Dinh " (Royal court refined music) in Vietnamese. The feudal dynasties of Vietnam from Ho Dynasty used it with different connotations as to show court music in general, court music festival in particular, or to show a musical organization, even a concrete orchestra.
The court music was officially formed in the reign of Nguyen Dynasty in the early 19th century. The most flourishing period of Hues royal music is the first half of the 19th century until the reign of Emperor Tu Duc (1848-1883). During the period from 1947 to 1948, Mrs. Tu Cung (King Bao Dai's mother, the wife of King Khai Dinh) gathered some royal artisans from King Bao Dai, whereby a number of court music genres were still maintained. By 20th century, as the collapse of Nguyen Dynasty and Vietnam wars, Hue royal court music gradually lost its popularity and was even seriously threatened to the survival.
In the 80s of the 20th century, the royal court music began to get the concern of the Ministry of Culture and the local authority. In the 90s, Hues royal music entered the period of renaissance. Since then, this art form has been introduced to countries in the world.
The Royal Court Music of Hue includes two types Dai Nhac and Tieu Nhac. Dai Nhac orchestra uses 40 kinds of drums, wind and string instruments. Dai Nhac played important role in religious liturgies like Nam Gioa offering ritual, Xa Tac offering ritual. Tieu Nhac has smaller scale and is always performed in anniversaries, official receptions, royal partiesThis orchestra consists of the stringed instruments, the bamboo flute and the woodwind. The orchestras always perform with dancers. The orchestra and the dancer are the harmonious combination of the music, the dance and the color of costumer. When performing, they have to wear traditional costumers (ao dai- long dress, khan xep) and pay a high concentration on their performance. If you have a chance to travel to Vietnam, you should spend your time to enjoy this unique art form and feel its difference in comparison with other art forms in the world.
Characteristics of Hues royal court music are the integration and acculturation of China, Cham and the influence of Buddhism, Confucianism. The royal court dance has close ties with the opera art (hat boi). Royal court music of Hue is the rich and diverse synthesis in many aspects: the art form, the genre, the instruments, forms of orchestral rhythms, environmental performance, the music... Thanks to these characteristics, the royal court music of Hue will give tourists the dish to change their taste in Vietnam trip.
Hues royal court music has a large scale and high profession. In November, 2013, Royal court music of Hue was officially proclaimed as Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO.